What causes High Blood Pressure? | Next Step Living Longer Books
What causes High Blood Pressure?

What causes High Blood Pressure?

The most important reason of high blood pressure or high BP, which pretty much all of us have after a certain age is “retention of salt and water”. Kidneys usually maintain very good electrolyte balance and they get rid of any extra salt and water. So up to age 40, we do not have to worry about it but after age 40, they start retaining some salt and water. As we have more salt and water in our body, our blood pressure starts going up and we call it “essential hypertension”. It is just a part of us getting years added to the life. These changes happen as we go through our years of life.

You have to understand that when you have a low blood pressure, the doctors give normal saline or salt, or they can make you drink saltwater and your blood pressure will go up. At the same time when you have high blood pressure, the doctors give you a water pill which will make you lose more water and salt. If you lose water, you will lose salt with it and that will bring down the blood pressure.

Whenever you start having high blood pressure, it is very important to see a physician because retention of salt and water is the most important reason for high blood pressure. But a physician still needs to do some screening, making sure that you are not getting high blood pressure for any other reason. For example, kidney failure also causes high blood pressure. There are several acute kidney situations which also lead to high blood pressure.

Up to age 40, our body does everything to maintain the blood pressure within the normal range i.e. 120/80. I mean our body has a very complex system of check and balance to maintain our blood pressure and we do fine. But the bottom-line is irrespective of our age or irrespective of any medical condition, our body has to absolutely maintain all the body functions best, and our body functions the best at blood pressure 120/80.

While nothing is going to happen in one month or one year but over the years, there will be serious complications and we cannot even reverse those complications unless we take medicines to maintain normal blood pressure. Anytime we start paying attention to managing our blood pressure, we can stop or delay the progress of harmful changes in our body which cut down our lifespan.

It is mentioned in our medical literature that elevation of just 5 mm of blood pressure cuts down our lifespan by 5 years. Think about it!

A gentleman who is in late 80s with blood pressure about 200/110 and he feels good also, but the important thing is if such a person maintains a normal blood pressure of 120/80, then he can easily cross 100 years. This is no magic thing.

If you have a high blood pressure, you will pay the price for it. There are no if’s and but’s.

Please do not be fooled by Hollywood and Bollywood. I have been practicing medicine for last 40 years and have done specialization in diabetes, blood pressure, and kidneys. With all my experience, I can tell you that in real life, you never see those miracles. Rather other way round is true. You see the complications of high blood pressure leading to stroke, paralysis, heart failure or kidney failure again and again.


  • sc saxena Posted April 15, 2020 8:20 am

    easy and comprehend the language.

    • Add15Years Posted April 20, 2020 2:41 pm

      Thanks for your feedback!
      Stay tuned for more medical books on variety of topics in simple and easy to understand language.

  • Anil Rawat Posted April 15, 2020 11:54 am

    Is there any book of blood pressure?

    • Add 15 Years Posted April 20, 2020 2:35 pm

      Yes, till date Malaria is the number one pandemic killer in the world. We have more books on Malaria and other pandemics of the world. For details, please visit our website.

  • Gayatry N Posted April 22, 2020 6:59 am

    it is always so bizzare to me when people neglect the underlying conditions of our body, essential hypertension is really crucial .

    • Add15Years Posted April 23, 2020 11:23 am

      The main reason behind people neglecting it is that there are no symptoms for many years. After certain age essential hypertension is inevitable, but with the right knowledge we can easily manage it and live a normal and healthy life.Please read our books on Heart and Hypertension.

  • Surya Rajput Posted April 27, 2020 5:53 am

    Your uncle has high blood pressure
    One of your parents has it also

    Yet you keep add salt into almost everything you eat.

    Well, excess salt has been shown to increase your blood pressure. You don’t need more than one teaspoon in a whole day.

    You’re not related to Lot’s wife

  • Amit Rana Posted April 30, 2020 6:19 am

    I am 27 yrs old & got married to my collegue just 11months back and now i travel more than before. I feel very tired by the time i go back to my house. i am an assistant architect and also manage the front office.As i sit for a long time i have severeback pain. I think i sometimes eat a lot or sometimes i dont and i also have gastritis . How do I overcome all these?

  • Sameet Thakar Posted April 30, 2020 6:25 am

    For blood pressure, cut out the salt. And I am not only talking about the salt in the shaker, start reading labels for sodium.

  • Ankit Singh Posted May 8, 2020 11:10 am

    Is blood pressure higher than atmospheric pressure.

  • Ajay Pratp Posted June 27, 2020 11:06 am

    Very accurate information about the blood pressure. This one the excellent information about blood pressure. My one family member is also suffering with this problem but after reading this blog I understood the basic concept and phenomenon of increasing blood pressure. Awesome knowledge provided by you. Great work guys.

    • Add15Years Posted June 30, 2020 8:59 am

      Thank you for your time. If you have any health-related queries/concerns then you can write to us. We would be happy to send you complimentary books on your topic of concern.

  • Rohit Posted June 29, 2020 10:32 am

    Is 120/100 is good blood pressure or i should go for a doctor checkup.

    • Add15Years Posted June 30, 2020 8:56 am

      We appreciate your feedback. Let us know how can we help you with your health concerns and queries.

  • Siya Posted June 30, 2020 9:42 am

    BP being the most common cause I think this blog was worth reading.

    • Add15Years Posted June 30, 2020 11:25 am

      Team Add15Years thank you for your valuable feedback

  • Rakesh Kurmi Posted July 1, 2020 12:10 pm

    Is there any effect of temperature ( like:- very hot or very cold) on blood pressure?

    • Add15Years Posted July 2, 2020 11:52 am

      Please Go through our books, it has all the information, We appreciate your feedback. Let us know how can we help you with your health concerns and queries.

  • Tarun Posted July 2, 2020 4:58 am

    How can i am overcome from high BP problem

    • Add15Years Posted July 2, 2020 11:51 am

      We are glad to receive your review. Now you can connect with on various social media platforms like Quora, YouTube, Add15Years blog, LinkedIn, Facebook, Instagram, and more. It will improve your BP

  • Ashish shakya Posted July 2, 2020 9:24 am

    Such a fascinating book .

    • Add15Years Posted July 4, 2020 9:17 am

      Team Add15Years thank you for your valuable feedback

  • Kavaya Posted July 3, 2020 11:39 am

    This blog is deeply knowledgeable. Can I get kidney issue answers?

    • Add15Years Posted July 4, 2020 9:18 am

      Team Add15Years thank you for your valuable feedback, Sure we have a very wide range of books available on various medical issues including kidney, kindly check the catalog

  • Aryaman Rajput Posted July 4, 2020 7:38 am

    useful information tnx for your post

    • Add15Years Posted July 4, 2020 9:19 am

      Thanks for the feedback!

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